This bullying, ignoring his own state laws and regulations, endangering thousands of innocent people, and potentially creating a serious groundwater crisis in the Highlands protect watershed, and wasting taxpayers money adding to the financial strain on the state which just had their bond rating lower is why we named his actions Wastegate.
What kind of a Governor says no, to place one of the state’s most toxic sites on the federal superfund program? And why would the Governor make state taxpayers pay to manage this toxic site rather than moving the costs to the federal government? The state’s finances are in trouble and just had their credit, the state’s bond rating, lowered. Why?
Maybe it could be the Governor has a soft spot for DuPont? The DuPont toxic site in Pompton Lakes is a nightmare. There is mercury in the water, toxic cancer causing chemicals in the air . . . Not just in the outside air but in homes that are downhill from the old DuPont facility. Oh, and yes it has been going on for over 20 years. It won’t cost the state anything to place the site on Superfund. In fact it is costing the taxpayers of NJ to manage the site. Furthermore the site is hurting innocent people. When the power goes off in Pompton Lakes, like when Super Storm Sandy hit, people sit in their homes, with their babies and young children surrounded by toxic chemicals in the air that have been acknowledged by the federal EPA as dangerous. Without power the homeowners “mitigation” fans don’t work to remove the toxics before they enter the house.
Governor Christie says, not to worry. I am in control and will decide who gets to protect the good people of Pompton Lakes. It’s my sandbox and no one can play in it unless I say so. A bully, by any ones gauge.
Ahh but it’s not just the good taxpaying, church going families in Pompton Lakes that Christie is putting in harm’s way, he is doing the same to the families in Roxbury, New Jersey. Christie’s idea was to get a grant to build a solar farm on an old brownfields sites. He wanted it so bad that he actually let the “construction” begin without following his own state laws. He let a convicted felon purchase the property – against the law. Then gave permission to place Super Storm Sandy waste on the cleaned up and closed superfund site. Christie then allowed his agency, the Department of Environmental Protection, to ignore their regulations around the protection of the Highlands critical water protection area. This protected area preserves the quality and quantity of drinking water for the 850,000 people in the Highlands as well as the more than four million people in surrounding areas who depend on Highlands’s water. Today alarms go off regularly to warn residents that the air is so dangerous they should not go outside or should evacuate their homes.
I can almost hear the Governor say, So what if the state has regulations . . . I’m in charge . . . I say what happens. Christie is a Governor who knows what he wants and will take it . . . do it . . . regardless of who gets in his way. It’s time for New Jersey residents to get the Governor under control.
By Mike Schade, Mind The Store Campaign Director
Yesterday, Walmart announced a major update to their corporate chemicals policy with the release of their new Sustainable Chemistry Implementation Guide, sending a strong message to suppliers, competing retailers and the chemical industry that toxic chemicals that build up in our bodies linked to cancer, birth defects and learning disabilities have no place in products sold on store shelves.
This is big news, as our Mind the Store campaign has been challenging Walmart and the other top ten US retailers to eliminate the Hazardous 100+ chemicals of high concern from their products. Yesterday, we responded to the new announcement with this statement. We congratulate Walmart on expanding their chemicals policy with the release of this new implementation guide. The million dollar question is – will their suppliers listen? How will Walmart ensure suppliers actually comply with this important new policy? Here, we take a look at some of the more exciting elements of the expanded policy, as well as some initial thoughts on how the policy can be improved.
Raising the bar for disclosure of chemicals of concern
Arguably the most exciting elements of Walmart’s policy center on online and product-level disclosure. We are especially pleased that Walmart will now be requiring suppliers to disclose the presence of toxic chemicals of concern business-to-business through the Wercs, publicly on company websites, and even on product labels (!) beginning in January 2018. This new requirement should not only provide incentives for manufactures to reduce or eliminate the use of “priority” chemicals, to avoid having to list them on products, but also empower moms and dads to make smarter and healthier shopping choices for their families. The company is also attempting to address chemicals like fragrances, which most companies virtually never disclose. They recommend that disclosure should include “full disclosure of all ingredients including those typically protected under trade secrets (e.g. fragrances)” as well as “known residuals, contaminants and by-products”.
The question is – will suppliers listen – and how will Walmart actually ensure fragrances and other additives are actually publicly disclosed?
Expanding “Priority” list of chemicals – but what are their top ten?
This past fall, Walmart announced their new chemicals policy and were going to be prioritizing a list of ten chemicals as an initial list of “high priority” chemicals for “continuous reduction, restriction and elimination”, yet the company never disclosed the names of these chemicals. Unfortunately, Walmart is still not disclosing the names of these chemicals for “business reasons” and state that these ten chemicals are “based on (a) authoritative lists, (b) current and pending regulatory lists, (c) high prevalence in Walmart products, and (d) concerns of direct exposure to consumers.” So that leaves about 2 or 3,000 chemicals to choose from. Hmmmm, any guesses as to what ones they may be? We are disappointed that Walmart has still not disclosed their initial ten “high priority” chemicals, despite public pledges to do so. In the interest of transparency, we call on Walmart to reconsider their decision to not disclose these “high priority” chemicals. After all, American families have the right to know.
On the positive side, Walmart has announced a brand new set of “Walmart Priority Chemicals”, which is comprised of no less than twenty of the most important authoritative lists in the US and internationally identifying chemicals of high concern, such as California Proposition 65, US EPA PBT and chemical action plan chemicals, and the states of Washington and Maine chemicals, demonstrating the significance of state action on chemicals. We are very pleased that this list includes every single one of the lists we referenced on our Hazardous 100 list, and many more. While the company did not identify the actually chemicals on these lists, you don’t have to work so hard to find them. This could very well likely include thousands of chemicals, though right now it’s somewhat unclear if every single one of the substances on these lists are included, or not. By comparison, Target’s policy and list is also very significant, with over 1,000 substances.
Reducing, restricting and eliminating toxic chemicals
Walmart is now calling on suppliers to, reduce, restrict and eliminate these substances. The policy states that suppliers should:
“Reduce, restrict and eliminate use of priority chemicals using informed substitution principles. Walmart U.S. and Sam’s Club U.S. have defined a list of authoritative and regulatory lists, which will be made public, to identify “Walmart Priority Chemicals” within the scope of this policy…. All suppliers are expected to reduce, restrict and eliminate use of priority chemicals using informed substitution principles. Walmart U.S. and Sam’s Club U.S. have defined a list of authoritative and regulatory lists (made publicly available through Appendix 1) to identify “Walmart Priority Chemicals” within the scope of this policy.”
Tracking reduction of chemicals of concern
The company is using the Wercs database/website to notify suppliers when products they sell contain either a “Walmart Priority Chemical” or “Walmart High Priority Chemical”. Using the Wercs system, they will send an e-mail to each supplier indicating which products contain “high priority chemicals” and in the future, any time a product entered contains a “priority” or “high priority” chemical, the supplier will automatically be notified. They will also use the Wercs database to track the number of priority chemicals in products, as well as their reduction, using various metrics including quantifying reductions by weight, number of products, number of suppliers, and sales volume.
The company also plans to publicly report their progress on transparency, advancing safer formulation of products and DfE certification in the company’s 2016 Global Responsibility Report.
Getting off the toxic treadmill
Another significant element of their expanded policy is that Walmart is for the first time encouraging their suppliers to get off the toxic treadmill, and avoid “regrettable substitution” by evaluating the hazards of replacement chemicals and embracing best in class “informed substitution” and “alternatives assessment” principles. Walmart states:
“Informed substitution is the considered transition from a chemical of particular concern to safer chemicals or non-chemical alternatives . Using informed substitution principles will mitigate hazard risks associated with product formulation and achieve compliance with Walmart’s Policy on Sustainable Chemistry in Consumables…In the aim of advancing safer formulated products and promoting informed substitution, Walmart recommends the major tenets of Alternatives Assessment, a process for identifying, comparing and selecting safer alternatives to priority chemicals (including those in materials, processes or technologies) on the basis of their hazards, performance, and economic viability…”
In their guide, they cite many great resources, such as the Pharos Chemical and Material Library, BizNGO’s Chemical Alternatives Assessment Protocol, and the Lowell Center for Sustainable Production’s Alternatives Assessment Protocol. It’ll be interesting to see whether suppliers listen, and use these useful tools. It’s not easy, but it can be done.
What’s good for our pets is good for our children
The policy impacts a number of categories of products sold at Walmart and Sam’s Clubs stores in the US, primarily cleaning products, cosmetics and personal care products, infant products, and pet supplies. This is a good list of products to start with, and we hope Walmart will expand this over time to all other categories where chemicals of high concern are often found, such as children’s toys, apparel, furniture, electronics, and food packaging.
We also hope Walmart will expand this policy to their stores globally. As a company that has enormous power and influence over their supply chain, if they can do it in the US, why not the rest of the world? Families worldwide deserve the same protections.
Will other retailers Mind the Store?
Today’s new announcement should be a call to action to other big box retailers, grocery stores, and drug store chains. We call on the other leading top ten retailers to join Walmart to Mind the Store and get tough on toxic chemicals. After all, with great market power comes great responsibility.
We look forward to working with Walmart and the other nine leading retailers to create similar action plans on the Hazardous 100+ list of toxic chemicals in the months to come.
Toxic Chemical Found in Toys and Vinyl Plastic Linked to Cancer Added to California Proposition 65 List – Phthalate DINP
Sarah Janssen, MD, PhD, MPH, Assistant Clinical Professor, University of California, San Francisco 415.722.0120 .
The holiday shopping season officially kicks off on Black Friday, and so begins that annual hunt for the perfect present, at the best price — and with the fewest poisons.
Store shelves, as consumers have been warned, can be filled with everything fromlead-contaminated jewelry and toys, to hormone-disrupting perfumes and lotions. Just in the last month, watchdog groups reported finding potentially toxic levels of phthalates in Spongebob Squarepants vinyl rain ponchos and flame retardants in Toys R Us furniture.
And let’s not forget the neurotoxic lead and other chemicals that leach from somefake plastic Christmas trees.
Despite growing recognition of toxic dangers that may lurk in consumer products, avoiding these chemicals is another story. Advocates continue to lament weak and outdated federal regulation of toxic chemicals, even though they cheer incremental gains, such as California’s announcement last week that furniture manufacturers will no longer be required to fill their foam with flame retardants starting in January. Thecontroversial chemicals are the subject of an award-winning Chicago Tribune series and a documentary, “Toxic Hot Seat,” which premiered Monday on HBO. (In light of this news, people with furniture on their holiday shopping lists may want to consider gifting an IOU.)
“Right now, the dangers are invisible, unlabeled, and a consumer has no basis for making a reasonable and health-protected choice,” said John Wargo, an environmental health expert at Yale University. “The onus is on the consumer, who needs to do research product by product,” he added. “People don’t have time for that and often opt for buying whatever is available.”
Some environmental groups are now attempting to make navigating around toxic chemicals easier for concerned shoppers, with a fleet of new consumer guides and mobile apps.
A website launched in September, SafeMarkets.org, provides information, tips and resources, such as HealthyStuff.org‘s database of more than 5,000 tested consumer products. The new site from the Workgroup for Safe Markets, a collaboration of environmental groups, links to other sites, including a new nontoxic shopping guide published by Women’s Voices for the Earth and Greenpeace’s electronics buying guide.
An increasing number of tools are also available for shoppers on the go. Mobile product-rating apps from the Good Guide and the nonprofit Environmental Working Group allow users to simply scan a barcode. The latter, launched in mid-November, offers iPhone and Android versions of its Skin Deep database, which contains data on about 80,000 cosmetic and personal care products.
“A lot of people are surprised when they start scanning,” said Heather White, executive director of the Environmental Working Group. The average American uses 10 to 12 personal care products a day, totaling some 126 different ingredients.
Among the most critical ingredients to avoid due to their hormone-mimicking, cancer-causing, antibiotic-resistance-promoting or development-disturbing properties, according to White, are parabens, formaldehyde, triclosan, polyethylene, phthalates and “fragrance.”
Fragrance formulas are protected as “trade secrets,” so their ingredients are rarely disclosed. White noted that the additives often include phthalates. Research published in November added an increased risk of preterm birth to the list of phthalates’ potential health hazards.
“Lip gloss, mascara, perfume. They are popular stocking stuffers,” White added. “But there are some serious concerns being raised each day.”
An app very similar to Environmental Working Group’s is available for mobile phones called Think Dirty. Launched in October, its database includes close to 14,000 products — primarily “best sellers,” according to founder and CEO Lily Tse.
A comparison of the two apps by The Huffington Post showed significant differences between scores on the same products. Edge sensitive skin shave gel, for example, rated 4 out of 10 on Environmental Working Group’s app, and 10 out of 10 on Tse’s. Higher values mean greater toxicities, according to both scales.
Tse suggested the discrepancy reflects differing philosophies on toxic chemical exposures.
“For myself and many others with chemical sensitivity, it’s important to stay away if a certain chemical is present, regardless of how much of it is there,” said Tse. In this case, the presence of PEG-90M, triethanolamine and fragrance put the shave gel in the red.
Tse’s advice for the holidays: Minimize fragrance use to protect yourself and others around you who may be chemically sensitive. “You don’t need to overload to show holiday spirit,” she said.
Perhaps no sight or smell represents the holiday spirit more than a Christmas tree. But the season staple isn’t without chemical dangers, from pesticides at tree farms to lead and phthalates found in fake plastic versions and on the lights traditionally strung across branches.
Yale’s Wargo said he will likely be on the hunt for a Christmas tree this holiday weekend. “I can’t bring myself to buy a fake tree. We go to a tree farm every year,” he said, choosing one that runs sustainably, without pesticides.
Still, Wargo’s family falls short of avoiding chemical dangers. He recalled shopping for an extension cord the other day and seeing the ubiquitous warning label for lead. He said he uses old Christmas lights that are also likely contaminated.
Mike Schade of the nonprofit Center for Health, Environment and Justice, who helped create the SafeMarkets.org website, emphasized the health hazards associated with PVC, also know as vinyl, used widely in fake Christmas trees, lights and in products wrapped and put under trees. He called PVC the “poison plastic.”
“From production to use, to disposal, it releases harmful chemicals that are building up in our bodies and are linked to chronic health problems on rise,” Schade said, listing links to cancer, learning disabilities and obesity, among other conditions. He noted that heat from lights can encourage chemical additives to leach out.
Phthalates and lead are among chemicals that have been commonly added to PVC to soften and stabilize the plastic. While some companies have eliminated those chemicals, scientists are finding that organotins and other replacement additives may be toxic, too.
“We don’t want to be a grinch,” Schade said. “We just recommend consumers avoid purchasing trees, toys or infant products made of PVC, even if they are labeled lead or phthalate-free.”
A potential red flag are items imported from China, added Schade. Several such products have been found in recent years to be contaminated with lead or elevated phthalates.
“But just because it’s made in the U.S., doesn’t mean it’s necessarily safe,” Schade said. “Our chemical safety system is broken.”
Even the patches in place to help protect consumers, advocates warned, are far from foolproof.
While laws restrict certain chemicals from products aimed at younger children, for example, Penelope Jagessar Chaffer warned that parents also need to be cautious about what they bring into the home for older members of their family. Play jewelry gifted to a teen girl, for example, may find its way into the hands and mouth of a more vulnerable little sister or brother.
Jagessar Chaffer is the director of the film “Toxic Baby,” which will be released next year as an innovative iPad app with additional footage, an interactive map of toxic sites across the country and an encyclopedia of information on toxic chemicals. One of the awards for pledging to her soon-to-launch Kickstarter crowdsourcing campaign will be a toxic audit — available for Christmas or New Year’s.
“People do tend to buy a lot from Black Friday onward,” said Jagessar Chaffer. “I can help them navigate what presents to get, what they bring into their home.”
She added that if people plan to purchase big-ticket items during after-Christmas sales, she can also help them manage toxicity levels or even decide if now is the time to buy an air filter or HEPA vacuum.
It’s this rise and dispersal of information that experts and advocates said they believe is the key to solving our toxic chemical woes.
Wargo likened it to the evolution of organic food. That was caused, he said, by “widescale recognition among consumers that pesticides are potentially dangerous.”
“As more people are educated, our hope is that they’ll take action to move the market,” said Environmental Working Group’s White. “As the market changes, we hope the political climate changes — giving more hope for revising our outdated law.”
“We can’t shop our way out of this problem,” White added.
Written by Jeannette I. Andrade for the Philippine Daily Inquirer
While Christmas decorations may put you in a holiday mood, an environmental and consumer protection group has warned that some can be pretty dangerous as they contain high levels of toxic metals.
The EcoWaste Coalition said Sunday that it recently detected excessive levels of toxic metals in 62 of 80 Christmas decorations—particularly in Christmas lanterns made of polyvinyl chloride (PVC)—bought from various budget shops around Metro Manila.
In a statement, EcoWaste’s Project Protect coordinator Thony Dizon said that “lead is dangerous even at low levels, hence [there is a] need to curb all avoidable sources of exposure as much as possible, including lead in paint, dust and soil and, of course, in consumer products.”
He warned that “children are most prone to lead exposure because their bodies are still developing and they tend to explore their surroundings by touching, tasting, biting or chewing anything they can get their hands on, including the power cord of Christmas lights and the trimmings and trinkets of a Christmas tree.”
“There is also the risk of lead [coming off] as painted or glazed surfaces deteriorate, thus contaminating the ground where children gather and play…,” Dizon said.
According to him, there is also the risk of indoor air pollution from the “out-gassing” of chemicals from plastic-based Christmas decorations, particularly among workers making or handling these products. Out-gassing is the release of gas dissolved, trapped, frozen or absorbed in a material.
Late last month, EcoWaste bought Christmas ornaments from stores in the Divisoria and Quiapo districts in Manila, Monumento in Caloocan City and a market in Quezon City at prices ranging from P15 to P199.
Using an X-ray fluorescence analyzer, the group detected high levels of toxic metals—including lead, antimony, arsenic, cadmium and chromium—from most of the items they purchased.
Lead up to 23,500 parts per million (ppm) was found in 50 samples, above the United States limit for lead in paint and surface coatings of 90 ppm. The other 12 samples contained antimony, arsenic, cadmium or chromium.
Among the samples analyzed by the group were Christmas balls, bells, foliage, garlands, lanterns, trees, trinkets, serving platters and table decorations featuring characters such as Frosty the Snowman and Santa Claus.
It found 23,500 ppm of lead in a big yellow star lantern made of PVC; 16,100 ppm of lead in a medium-size yellow star lantern made of PVC and 13,600 ppm of lead in a small yellow PVC star lantern. A plate with a Christmas tree design had 11,800 ppm of lead while a Snowman ceramic container had 11,000 ppm of the toxic metal. A ceramic gingerbread house had 9,513 ppm of lead.
(New York) Children’s chairs, couches and other kids’ furniture purchased from Walmart, Target, Kmart, Toys” R” Us/Babies “R” Us, buybuy Baby and other major retailers throughout the U.S. and Canada were tested and found to have harmful toxic flame retardant chemicals linked to infertility, thyroid disease, cancer, other serious health problems. Modern studies show that they do not provide fire safety benefits in furniture and make fires more toxic and dangerous with soot and smoke.
The Getting Ready for Baby Campaign is calling upon Babies”R”Us and buybuy BABY to require product suppliers to disclose their use of a list of chemicals known as the “hazardous 100+,” as designated by the Mind the Store Campaign, which targets the nation’s top 10 retailers.
Product makers are allowed to use toxic chemicals in infant and toddler products because there is no law that bans the practice. The Toxic Substance Control Act of 1976 (TSCA) is a monumental failure, and needs to be modernized and strengthened. However, the recently-introduced Chemical Safety Improvement Act is not an improvement over TSCA.
“I had a P’Kolino Little Reader chair tested that I thought my two year old grandson would love,” says Kathy Curtis, LPN, from Clean and Healthy New York and coordinator of theAlliance for Toxic Free Fire Safety. ”The testing done by Center for Environmental Health showed both Firemaster 550 and TDCPP. Retailers should be more careful about the products they sell.”
“A Spiderman chair from Walmart was tested and it has Firemaster 550 in it,” saysMaricarmen Cruz-Guilloty, Environmental Health and Justice Coordinator from Alaska Community Action on Toxics. “Arctic Indigenous peoples already carry a high burden of many of the other toxic flame retardants in their bodies. Exposure to these chemicals are linked with thyroid disease, learning and developmental disorders, reproductive problems, and certain cancers. We also have the highest rates of birth defects in the nation up here. Our children should not be exposed to these chemicals.”
Elizabeth Crowe, executive director of the Kentucky Environmental Foundation says, “Two couches from Kentucky, from Wal Mart and Target, tested positive for toxic flame retardants. These small couches present big problems: should kids play on them? How could we safely reuse or dispose of them? Why was this toxic product allowed to be manufactured in the first place? Kentucky parents want answers, and we need our legislators to take seriously the need for federal chemical reforms.”
Jamie McConnell, Director of Programs and Policy with Women’s Voices for the Earthconcurs,”It makes no sense that we cannot trust a product made for children. We’ve been working to try and get chemical regulatory reform to stop toxic chemicals in products.”
“Shame on Disney for selling children’s Princess, Mickey Mouse and Minnie Mouse chairs containing toxic flame retardants,” said Mike Schade, Markets Campaign Coordinator with theCenter for Health, Environment & Justice (CHEJ). “Parents should be able to trust that Disney products are safe, not toxic. We shouldn’t have to worry about our little princes and princess being exposed to poisonous chemicals. It’s time for Disney to make our dreams come true and eliminate these unnecessary dangerous chemicals. “
For more info: Alliance for Toxic Free Fire Safety
Are there toxic chemicals in your child’s raincoat? New testing coordinated by CHEJ found elevated levels of phthalates in a SpongeBob Squarepants vinyl rain poncho, at levels nearly seven times above the federal safety standard.
I recently purchased the SpongeBob Squarepants vinyl rain poncho at Toys R Us’ flagship store in Times Square, NYC and send it off to a lab for testing.
The lab found the SpongeBob vinyl poncho contained 6,600 parts per million (ppm) of the phthalate Bis(2-ethylhexyl)phthalate (DEHP). This phthalate is widely considered to be among the most toxic of all phthalates on the market. The amount in the SpongeBob Squarepants poncho is nearly seven times greater than the level considered safe by the CSPC. While phthalates have been banned in toys, they remain permitted in products like rain ponchos and children’s school supplies. Low levels of lead were also detected in the raincoat.
The lab also found the product contained high levels of chlorine, indicating the raincoat is made out of vinyl (PVC) plastic, the most toxic plastic for children’s health. We call it the poison plastic. Nickelodeon – say it ain’t so! We love SpongeBob and don’t want him to be toxic to our children’s health.
These chemicals have no place in our children’s products – they have been linked to asthma, developmental and reproductive harm. Unfortunately, this wasn’t the first time toxic chemicals have been found lurking in children’s raincoats. Last year, we found high levels of phthalates in 75% of school supplies we tested.
The new testing was funded by concerned parents through an innovative crowdfunding campaign CHEJ conducted on Indiegogo. Parents across the country provided the funding that enabled us to do the testing.
Toxic ponchos underscore need for federal chemical reform
The brand new test results were released in late October at the DC Stroller Brigade, which featured parents and children from around the country at a news conference and rally at the federal Capitol. Families then met with their US senators to urge federal reform. The vinyl ponchos were used at both the press conference and in meetings with US Senators to highlight the problem of unregulated dangerous chemicals in children’s products.
We have the right to know.
The results were also released by our partners at the Environmental Health Strategy Center in Maine, who held a news conference releasing the results to build support for forthcoming Maine legislation that would require disclosure of phthalates in consumer products. The proposed legislation would provide parents the right to know about toxic phthalates in consumer products. Watch a TV segment on their release.
Phthalates also found in vinyl flooring, dumbbells and earphones
In addition to the testing we conducted, our partners at Healthystuff.org recently screened a variety of products for phthalates and also released the data in conjunction with the DC Stroller Brigade. These products were purchased from 9 retailers including the Dollar Tree Stores, Inc., Dunham’s Sports, Home Depot, K-Mart, Lowes, MC Sports, Target, Walgreens, and Walmart. The products range from household, kitchen and office supplies to children’s products and exercise equipment.
- 3lb Dumbbells by Empower sold at MC Sports had 41% DEHP;
- Earphones sold at the Dollar Tree Stores had 30% DEHP and .04% DBP;
- Royelle Sheffley vinyl flooring by Armstrong sold at Home Depot had 7% BBP, .01% DBP, .02% DINP;
- Sentinel Stone vinyl flooring by Armstrong sold at Home Depot had 7% BBP, .01 % DBP, and 14% DINP.
It’s time for a common sense solution!
It doesn’t have to be this way! Toxic chemicals linked to asthma and birth defects have no place in our homes or schools. Join me and the Safer Chemicals Healthy Families Campaign in fighting back against these poison plastic products!
Originally Appears in Science Daily
Oct. 24, 2013 — Children who had PVC flooring in the bedroom at baseline were more likely to develop asthma during the following 10 years period when compared with children living without such flooring material. Furthermore, there were indications that PVC flooring in the parents’ bedrooms were stronger associated with the new cases of asthma when compared with child’s bedroom. This could be an indication that prenatal exposure is of importance.
Soft polyvinyl chloride (PVC) is common flooring material in Swedish homes used in more than 30% of the bedrooms. Soft PVC includes phthalates that normally are released to the surrounding environment. Phthalates is a group of chemicals with suspected endocrine disrupting properties that may impact on several chronic diseases/disorders such as asthma and allergy. The current study was aimed to investigate if PVC-flooring in the home of children in the age of 1-5 years was associated with the development of asthma in 5-year and 10-year follow-up investigations (n=3,228).
The Dampness in Buildings and Health (DBH) study started in the year of 2000 with a questionnaire to the parents of more than 14,000 children (1-5 years of age) in Värmland, Sweden, with responses from almost 11,000 children corresponding to a response rate of 79%. In this baseline questionnaire we screened for health in the family, lifestyles, building characteristics, etc. In 2005 we made a first 5 year follow up study and 2010 we made a second 10 year follow up, i.e., the data for the current study. The major interest in the follow up studies was to identify children that had developed asthma and other allergic diseases during the period after the baseline investigation.
Children who had PVC floorings in the bedroom at baseline were more likely to develop doctor diagnosed asthma during the following 10 years period when compared with children living without such flooring material. The risk was in several cases more than doubled. Furthermore, there were indications that PVC flooring in the parents’ bedrooms were stronger associated with the new cases of doctor diagnosed asthma when compared with child’s bedroom. This could be an indication that prenatal exposure is of importance.
This is yet another study indicating health risks related to exposure for chemicals with suspected endocrine disrupting properties (such as phthalates) or products that contain such compounds. We have earlier shown that PVC flooring material is a source for phthalates found in indoor dust, that PVC materials in the home can be related to uptake of one phthalate (butylbenzyl phthalate, BBzP) in infants aged 2-6 months, and that the concentration of phthalates in dust can be related to human uptake of the same phthalates. Further, PVC flooring material as well as indoor dust concentration of phthalates and most recently, prenatal exposure for phthalates can be associated to eczema and asthma in children.
This means that we can follow phthalates from one strong source (PVC), over to indoor dust concentrations, further to human uptake and finally there are findings showing that such exposure might be of importance for asthma and eczema in children.
Our results together with others suggest that PVC flooring and phthalate exposure in early life is a risk for later development of asthma.
1. Huan Shu, Bo A. Jönsson, Malin Larsson, Eewa Nånberg, Carl-Gustaf Bornehag. PVC-flooring at home and development of asthma among young children in Sweden, a 10-year follow-up. Indoor Air, 2013; DOI: 10.1111/ina.12074
Written by Environmental Defense
Toxic chemicals with links to cancer, asthma, hormone-disruption and a number of other health problems can be hidden in many Halloween items found on store shelves
The spookiest thing you might encounter this Halloween is something you can’t see – and it has nothing to do with ghosts or ghouls.
Toxic chemicals with links to cancer, asthma, hormone-disruption and a number of other health problems can be hidden in many Halloween items found on store shelves – including costumes,makeup and decorations. While this is a scary fact for trick-or-treaters of all ages, there are a number of ways to make your Halloween more about the treats and less about the toxics this year.
1. Make your own makeup
While you’re out shopping for makeup, be sure to take our Toxic Ten Pocket Shopping Guide with you to know which chemicals to avoid. One of the best ways to make sure your face makeup is toxic-free is to make your own. We shared a great recipe for a face makeup on our blog last year. Here’s an easy DIY recipe from healthystuff.org:
Combine light corn syrup, a dash of castile liquid soap (for easy clean up after) and red food colouring. If you want darker blood, add a dash of blue or some chocolate syrup
2. Green your costume
Planning to buy a costume this year? Some store-bought costumes can contain polyvinyl chloride (PVC). PVC products can leach toxic additives, like phthalates, throughout their use. Phthalates are added to PVC products to make them softer and more flexible, but these chemicals are known to disrupt hormones. While shopping for a costume, check the label to make sure it’s PVC-free.
Alternatively, if you’re crafty, you can always make your costume from items already in your closet or from a used-clothing store. Or you can organize a costume swap with you and your friends to reuse costumes from previous years. Try to avoid plastic items because they could contain PVC.
3. Toxics in toys
Glow sticks might be fun to play with in the dark but they contain dibutyl phthalate, which is a hormone-disruptor. If your kids are playing with glow sticks, keep an eye out and make sure they’re not broken or open. If you want your kids to have a light with them for safety reasons, some manufacturers are now offering eco-friendly flashlights. Check out this fun cat-shaped one!
Does your kid’s costume need a fake crown or pearls? In 2011, Health Canada proposed draft guidelines to keep cadmium out of children’s jewelry. However, since this is a fairly recent development, some products with cadmium may still be on shelves. For that reason we advise consumers to avoid kids jewelry items made of metal, which may contain the toxic substance.
By following the above simple tips, you can go a long way to making this year’s Halloween scary fun and not scary toxic. Also, be sure to sign up for our Toxic Nation newsletter to receive toxics news and toxic-eliminating tips all year long.
Wishing you all a safe and toxic-free Halloween!