pvc-free schools

This vinyl school image

NY PTA Passes Resolution to Phase-out PVC in Schools


The New York State Parents Teachers Association (PTA) voted last week at their annual meeting in Saratoga Springs, NY to pass a resolution calling for a phase out of the plastic PVC in schools. The resolution, called “Reducing & Phasing Out the Purchase of Polyvinyl Chloride (PVC) Plastic in New York Schools,” acknowledged the serious harm posed by PVC throughout its lifecycle, releasing toxic chemicals such as phthalates during use in products such as school supplies and building materials; releasing toxic chemicals such as vinyl chloride and ethylene dichloride during manufacture; and generating toxic chemicals such as dioxins during disposal when burned.

The PTA’s resolution recognized that chronic health problems and conditions in children linked to environmental exposures are on the rise, including learning and developmental disorders; that children are uniquely vulnerable to harm from toxic chemicals such as those released by PVC; that PVC materials and products contain toxic additives, including volatile organic compounds (VOCs) and phthalates, that may be released into the indoor environment, posing hazards to human health including asthma and developmental problems and that children are at greatest risk of exposure; that PVC is commonly found in office supplies and building materials used in schools; that safer, cost-effective alternatives to PVC products are readily available for schools; and that the U.S. Green Building Council provides incentives for schools to avoid PVC and phthalates in “green schools.”

The NYS PTA resolution calls for the following actions:

  • Resolved that the New York State Congress of Parents and Teachers, Inc. seek and support legislation that would reduce and phase out the use of PVC products at all New York State school facilities; and be it further
  • Resolved that the New York State PTA urge school districts and the New York State Education Department (NYSED) to develop green procurement policies to reduce and phase out the use and purchase of PVC building materials and office and education supplies in school facilities where safer cost effective alternatives are available; and be it further
  • Resolved that the New York State PTA and its constituent units educate parents and community members about the potential health effects of PVC and work to eliminate PVC products at all PTA-sponsored events; and be it further
  • Resolved that the New York State PTA forward this resolution to the National PTA for its consideration.

This resolution adds to the growing movement for PVC-free schools and follows similar resolutions enacted by the American Public Health Association (APHA), the “oldest and most diverse organization of public health professionals in the world,” last year and by the New York State United Teachers (NYSUT) union that represents more than 600,000 employees and retirees from New York State schools, colleges, and healthcare facilities, this past summer. The full PTA resolution can be read at the following link: http://chej.org/wp-content/uploads/NYS-PTA-PVC-Resolution.pdf.


New Report: Hidden Toxic Chemicals Found in Children’s “Back-to-School” Supplies


Did you know toxic phthalates may be in your children’s back-to-school supplies?  Our brand new report, Hidden Hazards: Toxic Chemicals Inside Children’s Vinyl Back-to-School Supplies found toxic chemicals linked to asthma and birth defects widespread in children’s vinyl back-to-school supplies.

Seventy-five percent of children’s “back-to-school” supplies tested in a laboratory had elevated levels of toxic phthalates, including popular Disney, Spiderman, and Dora branded school supplies, such as vinyl lunchboxes, backpacks, 3-ring binders, raincoats, and rainboots.

The levels of phthalates found in children’s school supplies would be illegal if these products were toys. Just like toys, school supplies are used by young children that are uniquely vulnerable to chemical exposure.

Key resources for Hidden Hazards report:

Find safer products for your children this back-to-school season!

The good news is there are plenty of safer alternatives available.  The 2012 Back-to-School Guide to PVC-free School Supplies, a guide to safer school supplies in over 40 product categories, was also released today to empower parents to find safer children’s back-to-school supplies:

To download these web banners, first open them up by clicking on the links below, then, in your web browser, “right click” on the image and choose “save image as” or “save picture as”.  When you post them on your site, we recommend they link to http://bit.ly/nopvc12

NYSUT Delegates

NY Teachers: “Let’s Get PVC Out of Our Schools!”


NYSUT DelegatesOur fight for PVC-free schools is picking up momentum. This April, PVC-free school policies were endorsed by one of the nation’s largest educational labor federations: NYSUT, the New York State United Teachers, representing more than 600,000 employees and retirees from New York State schools, colleges, and healthcare facilities.

At their 40th annual representative assembly, NYSUT endorsed a proclamation titled, “Reducing & Phasing Out the Purchase of Polyvinyl Chloride (PVC) Plastic in New York Schools”.  Recognizing the serious harm posed by vinyl chemicals like dioxin and phthalates, especially to school-aged children and women of childbearing age, NYSUT’s members added their support to the growing movement for PVC-free schools.

And NYSUT is not alone: last fall, The American Public Health Association, “the oldest and most diverse organization of public health professionals in the world,” passed a similar resolution.

CHEJ would like to thank NYSUT’s membership – the teachers, college and university faculty and staff, bus drivers, custodians, secretaries, cafeteria workers, teacher assistants, nurses, healthcare technicians – for their progressive vision and activism on behalf of New York’s students, teachers, and staff.

“RESOLVED, that NYSUT urges school districts in New York state and the State Education Department to develop new green procurement policies to reduce and phase out the use and purchase of PVC building materials, office supplies and school supplies; and be it further

RESOLVED, that NYSUT support efforts to have school districts in New York state and the State Education Department implement cost-effective strategies to reduce and phase out PVC in building materials, office supplies and school supplies and should encourage suppliers and vendors to reduce or eliminate their use of PVC in product and packaging; and be it further

RESOLVED, that NYSUT urges New York state schools to educate the public about dangers of PVC and their strategies for phasing it out; and be it further

RESOLVED, that NYSUT urges state and federal governments, in enacting such phase-outs, to consider policies that alleviate short-term economic impacts on the PVC production workforce, and to also consider economic benefits to workers in industries making safer alternatives.”

Help us continue the momentum!

If you belong to a PTA, union, or other organization that might be interested in enacting a similar resolution, please contact CHEJ’s NYC Green Schools organizer, Daniel Gradess: DGradess[at]CHEJ[dot]org / 646-678-3993

CPOC is now CEHP. Click to learn more!

CHEJ’s Childproofing Our Communities (CPOC) campaign is now called the Children’s Environmental Health Program (CEHP).



The founder and Executive Director of CHEJ, Lois Gibbs, was compelled to address children’s environmental health issues when in 1978 she discovered that her child’s school, her home and those of her neighbors were sitting on top of 20, 000 tons of toxic chemicals that was affecting the health of her family and her neighbors. Thru her struggle to demand justice for Love Canal residents, she discovered that no local, state or national organization existed to provide communities with strategic advice, guidance, training and technical assistance. The Center for Health, Environment & Justice (CHEJ) was created to address environmental toxins threatening communities.

After working with thousands of families seeking assistance on children’s environmental health issues, the Childproofing Our Communities (CPOC) Campaign was created in 2000 by a coalition of concerned parents, grandparents, and school employees to address health and environmental issues that affect the students and staff at the school. The coalition became the guiding force for CHEJ’s Child Proofing Our Communities Campaign which identified the main focus of collective work on school siting.

In 2011, the EPA released its School Siting Guidelines that will assist local decision makers with where to site a new school and consider environmental factors when making that decision. Over the years, CPOC in conjunction with local community leaders has been instrumental in holding federal/ state/ local agencies accountable for addressing environmental issues that may harm a school environment. The final release of these guidelines was an extraordinary victory demonstrating the power of the grassroots!

NEW NAME. Often people were confused about the focus of CPOC and could not relate to the name Childproofing Our Communities. In continuing with the tradition of educating and empowering communities, CHEJ changed the name to the Children’s Environmental Health Program (CEHP). We listened and changed the campaign name to make sure everyone understood the intent of our program.

SAME CRITICAL FOCUS. Not a new project or campaign but a renewed dedication to tackling the tough subject area of addressing environmental hazards that could pose a threat to children where they live, play, learn, eat, and pray.

New Resources. If you have not visited our website lately, www.chej.org, check out new resources and tools available to assist you with your local fight.

Rather it’s tackling:

a proposal to build a new school near an industrial complex- check out our new school siting fact sheets that can help with organizing the community and assist in enacting a local policy;

dealing with an existing school built before 1979 that has fluorescent light fixtures that contain a banned, toxic substance called PCB – our PCB-Free School Zone has fact sheets that gives an overview of the problem of PCBs in schools and identify action steps that can be taken to address              contamination;

or interested in learning more about PVC- free products –  the PVC-Free Schools campaign encourages schools to get rid of the poison plastic in favor of safer alternatives

We have a wealth of resources and tools available to assist you with your local issue.

Focus on Schools. Focus on Schools webpage is a snapshot of projects and resources CHEJ offers on its website that pertains to schools and children’s environmental health. You will also find this information on CHEJ’s campaign web pages.

Green Flag Program. The Green Flag School Program for environmental leadership provides a framework for students to become environmental leaders and contribute to positive change in their communities.  Through the free program, students of all ages learn environmental concepts, investigate their schools, and identify solutions for making their schools safer and healthier.

For additional information or questions, please contact CHEJ at (703) 237-2249 or chej@chej.org.

Photo credit: http://www.flickr.com/photos/garymacfadyen

NYC: Phase Out Toxic PVC Plastic, a Major Source of Dioxin


For Immediate Release: Thursday March 29, 2012 Contact: Mike Schade, 212-964-3680, mike@chej.org

After Four Years of Delay, NYC Issues Landmark “Green Purchasing” Rules for City Agencies to Reduce Dioxin, One of the Most Toxic Chemicals Known to Science

Environmental, Public Health, Labor Groups Call on Bloomberg Administration to Phase Out Toxic PVC Plastic, a Major Source of Dioxin

(New York, NY) At a major public hearing held today by the NYC Mayor’s Office of Contract Services (MOCS), environmental health, labor, and pediatric medical organizations and experts testified and called on the Bloomberg administration to fully implemen t a “green purchasing” law 7 years in the making, by phasing out the purchase of toxic polyvinyl chloride (PVC) plastic.

Photo credit: http://www.flickr.com/photos/garymacfadyen

The NYC 2005 Environmentally Preferable Purchasing (EPP) laws called for the development of City regulations to reduce the purchase of products by City agencies that release toxic dioxin when burned.   Dioxin is linked to cancer, learning disabilities, diabetes, birth defects, endometriosis, and infertility, and is widely considered to be the most toxic synthetic chemical. The 2005 law was intended to reduce NYC’s purchase of products containing PVC that form dioxin. After more than four years of delay, the EPP rules were released on February 27th, yet do not address NYC’s purchase of PVC products.

“We are very concerned that the proposed dioxin regulations do not address NYC’s purchase of PVC plastic, a major and preventable source of dioxin,” said Daniel Gradess, Organizer with the Center for Health, Environment & Justice (CHEJ). “The New York Academy of Sciences and New York State Attorney General’s Office have both documented PVC as a significant dioxin source.  The Bloomberg Administration has an opportunity to lead the nation in reducing the purchase of this unnecessary toxic plastic harmful to children’s health.”

“Fire Officers take an oath to “protect the lives and property of the citizens of New York City” and there is an ongoing interest to the public if laws regarding the purchasing and use of PVC products by the city are not being complied with,” said Captain Alexander Hagan, President of the Uniformed Fire Officers Association (UFOA). “PVC is among the most serious dangers to humans and the environment when it is burned.  It releases dioxin, which is widely considered to be one of the most toxic chemicals on the planet, and virtually every resident of NYC has measurable levels of dioxin in their bodies.  From a fire perspective, we urge compliance of the City to ensure an environmentally friendly purchasing process.”

Groups testifying at today’s hearing included representatives of the Learning Disabilities Association of NYS; Children’s Environmental Health Center of Mount Sinai School of Medicine; Sierra Club NYC Chapter; New York Committee for Occupational Safety & Health (NYCOSH); CWA Healthcare Coordinating Council; Perkins and Will Architectural Firm; the Center for Health, Environment & Justice; Center for Environmental Health; Ironbound Community Corporation; Food and Water Watch; and others.  Many other groups submitted written comments on the proposed regulations, including the Uniformed Firefighters Officers Association (UFOA); United Federation of Teachers (UFT); NYS Nurses Association (NYSNA); American Sustainable Business Council; the New York Lawyers for the Public Interest; Healthy Schools Network; NYPIRG; and Health Care Without Harm.

Safer, cost-effective alternatives are readily available for NYC agencies to purchase. Major corporations such as Google, Apple, Target, Wal-Mart, Procter & Gamble, Johnson & Johnson, and Microsoft have policies to reduce or phase out the purchase of PVC.  The NYC Mayor’s Office of Contract Services (MOCS) and Department of Citywide Administrative Services (DCAS) have both begun to make voluntary progress by reducing the purchase of PVC products:

  • NYC purchases its computers off of state contracts, which require all computers to be free of PVC in large plastic parts.
  • In January, MOCS announced it is working with Staples to reduce the purchase of PVC office supplies by City Agencies.
  • In March, DCAS issued a request for bids for a new NYC carpet contract. This multi-year, multi-million dollar contract states that all carpets sold to NYC must be completely PVC-free.

Advocates today called on the Bloomberg Administration to codify these voluntary efforts into the proposed environmentally preferable purchasing regulations.

“The incidence of learning disability and related neurological impairment such as autism, is increasing at an unprecedented rate,” said, Stephen Boese, Executive Director of the Learning Disabilities Association of New York State. “Research shows that a substantial part of this increase is attributable to environmental factors.  Meanwhile, many chemicals known or suspected to cause neurological impairment remain largely unregulated by the federal government.  As advocates for persons with learning disabilities and related impairments, the Learning Disabilities Association of New York State supports initiatives that prevent disability.   We therefore urge that the City of New York assure that its purchasing policies excludes products with harmful plastics like PVC that release dioxin, wherever feasible, and protect the health and well-being of city workers, those in the care of city programs, and all other city residents.”

Jean Grassman, a Board Member with the New York Committee for Occupational Safety and Health (NYCOSH), said, “When buildings containing materials made of PVC burn, firefighters, other “first responders”, building occupants, and the surrounding community face exposure to dioxins, benzene, phosgene, hydrochloric acid and other hazardous substances which place them at risk of acute and chronic health effects. Exposure to a single PVC fire can cause permanent respiratory disease.”

“It is our belief that products that are harmful to humans, animals, and the environment should not be used in our projects, and to that end, we advise our clients to seek alternatives to substances such as PVC,” said Peter Syrett, Architect and Associate Principal at Perkins+Will.

Larry McCormick is an officer of the CWA Healthcare Coordinating Council (HCC), a network for two dozen union locals in New York and New Jersey that represent 15,000 healthcare workers. He notes, “The HCC urges New York to phase out the purchase of PVC.  We put our patients first, and we believe a PVC phase out will help reduce cancer, learning disabilities, infertility, birth defects, and diabetes in those we care for.”

“Phasing PVC plastic out of City purchasing is the right move for New Yorkers’ health and environment,” said Irene Van Slyvke, Vice President of the Sierra Club New York City Group.  “We should act now to prioritize nontoxic, cost-effective alternatives to PVC, rather than continuing to pay for the healthcare costs associated with dioxin exposure.”

Ellen Weininger, Educational Outreach Coordinator for Grassroots Environmental Education, said, “The best way to avoid the negative human health and environmental impacts and economic burden of toxic exposures is to minimize the production and purchase of toxic products.  Children and their parents rely on government officials to provide the protections they need for their health and safety.  The stakes are too high to deliver anything less than the full implementation of a PVC-free procurement plan for New York City.”

“When buyers demand safer products, the market responds,” said Ansje Miller, Eastern States Director, of the Center for Environmental Health. “By phasing out the poison plastic PVC, NYC will create a global market for safer electronics and other products, creating a healthier environment for workers, consumers, and all New Yorkers.”

Claire Barnett, Executive Director of the Healthy Schools Network, said, “With every manufacturer advertising products as green, it is hard for cities and states to determine what is green and what is merely green washing. Mindful of the public health effects of chemicals in products and the rising epidemics of asthma and learning problems, we urge the Mayor’s Office of Contract Services to take more care to ensure that the products it specs are truly healthy and green. Relying on third party certifiers will do that.”

Thursday’s public hearing concludes a 30-day public comment period, and comes on the heels of a January 2012 NYC Council oversight hearing examining NYC’s compliance with the green purchasing laws.


ATTENTION JOURNALISTS: For copies of testimony delivered at today’s hearing, or additional background information, please contact Mike Schade, CHEJ at mike@chej.org / 212.964.3680.

To download the NYC proposed environmentally preferable purchasing regulations, visit http://www.nyc.gov/html/nycrules/downloads/rules/P_MOCS_2.24.12_A.pdf

To download the original legislation and 2005 City Council voting report that discusses the relationship between PVC and dioxin, visit http://chej.org/wp-content/uploads/12-21-05-Voting-Report-Int-544-A-Hazardous.pdf


CNN Spotlights Indoor Air Quality Impact on Student Learning


An estimated 14 million American children attend public schools that are in urgent need of  extensive repair or replacement and have unhealthy environmental conditions, including poor air quality, unsafe drinking water and inadequate safety systems. This weekend, CNN will spotlight the dire condition of schools and the health hazards posed by poor indoor air quality. [Read More]

CNN’s report on indoor air quality in schools airs on Saturday, January 14 at 8 p.m., 11 p.m. and 2 a.m. ET.  The program will re-air again at the same times on Sunday, January 15.

Visit CHEJ’s Focus on Schools webpage to get more information about threats to the school environment and how you can take action.

Contact Makia Burns, CHEJ’s Childproofing Our Communities Campaign Coordinator at (703) 237-2249 x21 or mburns(at)chej.org for additional information or organizing assistance.


Hasbro Eliminating PVC from Packaging


Move is Part of Long-Standing Commitment to Excellence in the Areas of Product Safety, Manufacturing Ethics, Environmental Sustainability; Details Outlined in Company’s First CSR Report http://www.marketwatch.com/story/hasbro-announces-commitment-to-eliminate-pvc-from-core-product-packaging-2011-12-08

CHEJ has sent letters to Hasbro over the years urging them to phase out PVC in their toys and packaging.  Additionally, a few years ago investors in the Investor Environmental Health Network (IEHN) filed a shareholder resolution at Hasbro on PVC and sustainability.  The resolution got 44.8% of the vote.  The resolution is here:


Hasbro’s decision is also apparently a ripple effect of our retailer work.  CHEJ convinced Wal-Mart to phase out PVC in private label packaging.   Hasbro was apparently influenced by Wal-Mart who’s been pressing suppliers to phase out PVC packaging.  Wal-Mart’s role is mentioned in this Plastics News story: http://www.plasticsnews.com/headlines2.html?id=23919&channel=349


Help us create toxic-free schools!


Our children go to school to learn, play and make friends. Yet PVC, the most toxic plastic for our children’s health and well-being, is everywhere in most of our schools.

CHEJ developed This Vinyl School, an interactive website to raise awareness about this toxic plastic and how schools can switch to safer and affordable alternatives. Visit This Vinyl School to learn about safer solutions to this unnecessary plastic.

Harmful chemicals in vinyl products are chock full of toxic chemicals, like phthalates, which have been banned in children’s toys but are widespread in products like flooring in our schools.

Phthalates have been linked to asthma, learning and developmental disabilities, and obesity – chronic health problems that are on the rise in children and inhibit their ability to learn.   These chemicals are not just in the products, but are getting into our children’s bodies.  Every month, new studies come out that find PVC chemicals are harmful to children’s health, such as a recent study by researchers at Columbia University that found phthalates appear to be harmful to children’s brain development.

Major corporations like Google, Target and Apple are going PVC-free, and we think our schools should too.  Don’t you?

Visit This Vinyl School today, and then pass it on to friends, family, parents and teachers you know. Together we can build a healthier, toxic-free future for all.


This is Your Brain. This is Your Brain on PVC.


Remember that powerful commercial from back in the 80’s? Growing up, I couldn’t turn on the TV without hearing it (or someone making fun of it).  This is your brain.  This is your brain on drugs…Any questions?

Well, this is your brain.  This is your brain on PVC.

As children and teachers are going back to school across America, scientists are sounding the alarm about ubiquitous endocrine-disrupting chemicals lurking inside of our schools: phthalates in PVC/vinyl building materials, school and office supplies.

A new study by researchers at the Columbia University Mailman School of Public Health heightens concerns over the potential effects on children’s brain development.  The new study published in Environmental Health Perspectives Journal found that:

“exposures to two of the phthalates significantly increased the odds of motor delay, an indication of potential future problems with fine and gross motor coordination. Among girls, one of the phthalates was associated with significant decreases in mental development. Prenatal exposures to three of the phthalates were also significantly associated with behavior problems including emotionally reactive behavior, anxiety/depression, somatic complaints and withdrawn behavior.”

The Columbia University press release states that:

“Recent studies of school-age children have provided preliminary links between prenatal exposure to phthalates and developmental problems. The study is the first to examine prenatal phthalate exposure and the prevalence of mental, motor and behavioral problems in children who are in the preschool years.”

According to lead researcher Dr. Robin Whyatt from Columbia University:

“Our results suggest that prenatal exposure to these phthalates adversely affects child mental, motor and behavioral development during the preschool years.  The results add to a growing public health concern about the widespread use of phthalates in consumer products.”

Skeptics may wonder if other factors played a role, but the researchers controlled for a range of factors like tobacco smoke, lead, pesticides, race, ethnicity, age, marital status, and others.  Even after controlling for these various factors, there was still a significant link between the mothers’ phthalate levels and their children’s development.

And let’s not forget, over 90% of phthalates are used in PVC products, like the vinyl flooring in our kids’ schools.  They’re banned in toys, but widespread in our schools.

Learning and Developmental Disabilities: By the Numbers.

As we continue to learn more and more about the connections between exposure to toxic chemicals like phthalates and impacts on our brain and development, learning and developmental disabilities have been on the rise.

Let’s look at some numbers:

  • The incidence of learning and developmental disabilities appears to be rising, affecting about one in six children in the U.S.
  • The number of children in special education programs classified with learning disabilities increased 191% from 1977 to 1994.
  • Since the early 1990s, reported cases of autism spectrum disorder have increased tenfold.  One in a hundred American children has an autism spectrum disorder (ASD).
  • Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) is the most commonly diagnosed childhood psychiatric disorder in the United States. Recent evidence suggests the prevalence may be as high as 17% for all school children.
  • The US has seen a 6-fold increase in ADHD between the years 1985 (0.7 million cases) and 2000 (4–5 million cases).

And even worse, phthalates aren’t the only PVC chemicals that have been linked to impacts on the brain.  It’s also the vinyl chloride, dioxin, mercury, and lead that are all released during the PVC lifecycle.

Mounting Evidence: When Will We Take Action?

Earlier this summer, I blogged about other new studies that found phthalates are impacting our hormones and impacting our brain development. Researchers at Environmental Health News just recently posted a nice summary of the Korean study we earlier blogged about.   They report:

“Increasing exposure to plastic-softening chemicals in pregnant women was associated with poorer development in their baby boys, finds a study that examined mental and motor skills in 6-month-old infants.”

“The results show that the higher the exposure to phthalates in the moms, the lower the scores of infant development, including both cognitive and motor behavior. However, the association was only identified in sons, not in daughters.”

“Animal studies suggest prenatal phthalate exposure may influence neurodevelopment and contribute to hyperactive and impulsive – ADHD-like symptoms – behavior. Similar conclusions were drawn from a study with school-aged children. Other studies identify links between phthalates and social impairments in children.”

They also recently reported on another new scientific study that found the phthalate DEHP:

“changed brain development in growing male rats when exposure occurs during a sensitive phase. The same exposure did not affect female rats, report researchers in the journal Neuroscience. The animal study shows that DEHP can disrupt the normal development of the hippocampus in young male rats by reducing the number of cells and nerve connections that form.”

The evidence keeps mounting.  And mounting.  And mounting.

How much more evidence do we need before we take action to protect the health and development of our young ones?

This is Your Brain.  This is Your Brain on PVC. 

Any questions?

PVC-free School Supplies

What the chemical industry doesn’t want you to know.


Still stocking up on school supplies? If you’re like many other parents and doing some last-minute shopping, be sure to steer clear of toxic PVC plastic, the most widely used hazardous plastic in the world.

Check out our 2011 Back to School Guide to PVC-free School Supplies, which features safer alternatives to toxic PVC plastic in over 35 product categories, from backpacks and binders to lunchboxes and laptops.

We also have created a handy wallet-sized version for you when you’re out shopping for some quick tips.

Top 5 Reasons to Go PVC-free:

  1. Toxic additives like phthalates, lead, cadmium and organotins are commonly found in PVC children’s products, which can leach out.
  2. PVC chemicals like phthalates and dioxin tresspass into our bodies and are linked to chronic diseases on the rise. They’re not just in the products or released at the chemical plants, but are entering our bodies at potentially harmful levels!
  3. Your children are uniquely vulnerable to even low levels of these toxic chemicals, because their bodies and brains are still developing.
  4. PVC pollutes at every stage of its lifecycle, from production to use to disposal, releasing cancer-causing chemicals like dioxin and vinyl chloride.
  5. Safer and affordable alternatives are available!  Why take an unnecessary risk with your children’s health?

Stand up for your children’s right to a healthy future, and check out our Back to School Guide to PVC-free School Supplies.